Unfortunately skin cancer is the most spread form of human cancer. Currently is estimated that in United States only there are over 1 million of new cases each year and 1000 deaths that occur in the same period are caused by skin cancer.
Some scientists even say that by the age of 65, nearly half of the United States population suffers from one form of skin cancer.
There are three forms of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are also referred as nonmelanoma skin cancer, which is the most common form of cancer. Melanoma is more severe than the nonmelanoma, because this form of skin cancer can spread throughout the body very quickly if is not detected and treated in time.
There is no certain way to prevent the development of skin cancer, but there are some things that can help lowering your chances of contracting this disease. First of all you should avoid risk factors like smoking, overweight and a sedentary life.
Avoid as much as possible the UV radiation exposure, meaning that you need to avoid sun exposure for long periods of time and if not possible use sunscreens, long sleeve shirts, long pants, sun hats, and sunglasses while outdoors. Avoid outdoors activities between 11 a.m. and 5 p.m. when the sun is stronger, meaning more radiation.
There are several clinical trials studying the factors that can prevent skin cancer, but will take few years for the results to be ready. Some scientists say that a healthy diet based on fresh fruits and vegetables can also help preventing skin cancer.