At the beginning of the December, Russia confirmed that has a deal to sell surface-to-air missiles to Iran. Although Russian officials insist that the missiles are for defense only, United Sates and Israel criticized the deal. Thanks to the missiles the new anti-aircraft Iranian system will be capable to shoot down American or Israeli fighter jets in case of an air strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities. Earlier this year Russia faced international criticism when agreed to sell missile systems to Syria.
Few months ago Iran announced that is planning to build a second nuclear power plant in the south of the country although is already under pressure from the international community for the first nuclear facility they build. Mahmoud Ahmadinejad previously declared that Iran will build a total of 20 nuclear power stations, one each year.
Besides United States and Russia, countries that have nuclear weapons are including United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan and North Korea. Israel refuses to confirm or deny having nuclear weapons while Iran, Syria and Myanmar are suspected of developing nuclear weapons.
In the NATO nuclear weapons sharing program, the United States has provided nuclear weapons for Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey.
The biggest fear of the U.S. defense experts is that America is falling behind Russia and China in a new missile arms race because the two countries continued to develop a new generation of missiles while U.S. weapons development was suspended in the 90’.