The superpowers of the century

The superpowers of the century

The superpowers of the century

The term of superpower defines a state with great economic and politic power that could influence events following its own interests. The concept of superpower was used for the first time in 20th century after the World War II. At that time United States, the British Empire and the Soviet Union were considered the superpowers. If we take a look back in history we can easily conclude that other states could fit the term. These extinct superpowers are Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, the Persian Empire, the Ottoman Empire, the Roman Empire, the Mongol Empire, Portuguese Empire and the Spanish Empire.
In mid-20th century, the major criterion for defining a superpower was the military power. After the cold war the other characteristics such as economic, politic, and cultural gained more importance. Nowadays the military and the economic factors are equally important when it comes to superpowers.
The states accepted by most analysts as the potential superpowers of the 21th century are: United States of America, European Union, China, Russia, Brazil and India.
The United States is unanimously accepted as superpower since the World War II. Although it passed through rough times in the recent history, United States didn’t lose its title of superpower.
The European Union is not a state but is an economic and political union that can be considered a super power. United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and Spain are just some of the states that combine their economic and politic powers for this union.
China is the most populated country in the world and thanks to its economic growth from the last decade can be considered a superpower. China won a lot while United States and European Union struggled with the 2008 financial crisis.
The modern Russia is far from the old Soviet Union but is still a major player on the international political scene.
Brazil and India are potential superpowers but they need a lot of work to enter the small circle of the most influential states in the world.

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