The golden times for dynasties are long gone but there are still some ruling dynasties. Most of them are ruling for centuries. Dynasties consist in nation leaders that are members of the same family.
The most important dynasties in recent European history include the Carolingians, the Capetians, the Habsburgs, the Stuarts, the Romanovs and the Hohenzollerns. Most European countries were ruled by monarchs until the end of 19th century. Now there are just few remaining dynasties in the world and most of them have reduced powers as most states have adopted parliamentary monarchy as form of gonvernment.
The top ten current leading dynasties are:
House of Windsor – United Kingdom: Queen Elisabeth II is the most important member of the Windsor but the head of the House is Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester.
House of Bourbon – France, Navarre, Spain, and Luxembourg: The ruling head of the Bourbon House in Spain is King Juan Carlos I (1975 – to the present) and in Luxembourg Grand Duke Henri I (2000 – to the present).
House of Orange-Nassau – Netherlands: Current head is Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
House of Bernadotte – Sweden: Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden is the current head of Bernadotte dynasty.
House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg – Denmark, Norway: The head of the House of Glücksburg is now Christopher, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein.
House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha – Belgium: The ruling head of the family is Andreas, Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alaouite dynasty – Morocco: Is the current Moroccan royal family, the current head being King Mohammed VI
House of Saud – Saudi Arabia: Current head of the dynasty is King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia
Te Wherowhero Dynasty – New Zealand M?ori: The current M?ori monarch is Tuheitia Paki but he is a symblolic leader with no legal power.
Chakri dynasty – Thailand: Head of dynasty is King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX)