The science nowadays reached unexpected levels of development. The newest cutting edge technologies continue to develop and they are immediately introduced in research. The microscopes and telescopes are among the instruments without which many scientific discoveries would not have been made.
The history of the instrument used for observing objects too small to be seen with the naked eye starts around 1600 when the first optical microscopes were developed. Just half a century later the microscopes were used widely for research in Italy, Holland and England. A very important step in the development of microscopy was made in 1893 when August Köhler implemented a new technique for sample illumination known as Köhler illumination. (more…)